1. Python is a clear and powerful object-oriented programming language, comparable to Perl, Ruby, Scheme, or Java.

  2. A concurrent, class-based, object-oriented, language specifically designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible

  3. Scala is a pure-bred object-oriented language that runs on the JVM

  4. A dynamic, interpreted, open source programming language with a focus on simplicity and productivity

  5. Powerful, fast, lightweight, embeddable scripting language

  6. An advanced purely-functional programming language

  7. One of the most widely used programming languages of all time

  8. Lightweight, interpreted, object-oriented language with first-class functions

  9. A popular general-purpose scripting language that is especially suited to web development

  10. A new web programming language with libraries, a virtual machine, and tools

  11. Highly capable, feature-rich programming language with over 26 years of development

  12. Swift is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm, compiled programming language developed by Apple Inc. for iOS, macOS, watchOS, tvOS, Linux and z/OS.