What are some alternatives?
When comparing Java and Microsoft Visual Studio, you can also consider the following products
Python - Python is a clear and powerful object-oriented programming language, comparable to Perl, Ruby, Scheme, or Java.
Xcode - Xcode 4 is the new version of Apple’s powerful integrated development environment for creating great apps for Mac, iPhone, and iPad. Xcode 4 includes the Xcode IDE, instruments, iOS Simulator, and the latest Mac OS X and iOS SDKs.
IntelliJ IDEA - Capable and Ergonomic IDE for JVM
Scala Lang - Scala is a pure-bred object-oriented language that runs on the JVM
Eclipse - Eclipse is an open source community, whose projects are focused on building an open development platform comprised of extensible frameworks, tools and runtimes for building, deploying and managing software across the lifecycle.